Geography Class 6 Discovering the world mineral solution- Here we will share Geography Class 6 Discovering the world mineral solution for icse students. Icse class 6 geography mineral solution from Candid New Trends in Discovering the world based on the latest curriculum issued by The ICSE.
Geography Class 6 Discovering the world mineral solution
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Geography Class 6 Discovering the world mineral solution-Candid
A. Answer the following questions briefly :
1. Define minerals.
Ans- The natural materials in which the metals or their compounds are found on earth are called minerals.
2. What are conventional sources of energy?
Ans- conventional sources of energy are those energy sources that once used can not be replaced in a short time. Coal, natural gas and mineral oils are the example of conventional sources of energy
3. What are non-conventional sources of energy?
Answer- non-conventional sources of energy or renewable energy sources are those which can be used again and again and can be renewed in a short time. Water, wind, solar and tidal is the example of non-conventional sources of energy.
4. Name the country which is the largest coal producer in the world.
Answer- China, the USA, Russia, Ukraine and India are the largest coal producer in the world.
5. Name any four coal mines in India.
Answer- Raniganj in Bihar in Bengal, Jharia, Bokaro in Jharkhand, Korba in Chhatisgarh and Neyveli in Tamilnadu are the main coal mines in India.
6. Which mineral is known as liquid gold?
Ans-Mineral oil is known as liquid gold
7. Name any two mineral oil-producing states of India.
Ans-Mumbai high in Maharastra, Digboi, Naharkantia, Rudrasagar in Assam and Ankleshwar, Koyali, and Kalol in Gujurat are the major oil fields of India.
8. Name any two non-conventional sources of energy.
Ans- Solar and Nuclear energy are two major non-conventional sources of energy.
9. Write any two major producers of iron ore in the world.
Ans- USA, Russia, Ukraine, and Brazil are the major producers of iron ore in the world.
10. Name any two major producers of aluminium in India.
Ans-Odisha, Gujurat and Jharkhand are the major producers of aluminium in India.
11. Name the state which is the largest producer of iron ore in India.
Ans- Karnataka(Kemmangundi) is the largest producer of iron ore in India.
12. Name any two copper mines in India.
Ans-Chaibasa, Hazaribagh in Jharkhand and Khetri in Rajasthan are the major copper mines in India.
13. What are metallic minerals?
Ans-Metallic minerals are those from which we obtain metals. Iron, copper, Gold, Silver, Tin and Aluminium are examples of metallic minerals.
14. What are non-metallic minerals?
Ans- Non-metallic minerals are those which do not contain metals. Coal, Mica, Sulphur, Potash and petroleum are some examples of non-metallic minerals.
15. Why copper is used for making radiators?
Ans- Copper is used for making radiators because it is a good conductor of heat and this property helps copper to use for making radiators.
16. Name a mineral which is used for making iron and steel.
Ans- ferrous mineral is used for making iron and steel.
17. Mention any two uses of gold.
Ans- Golds are used for making coins, Jewellery and medals
18. Name the country which is the leading producer of silver.
Ans-Mexico is the leading producer of Silver.
Discovering the world geography class 6 Mineral solutions
B. Answer the following questions in detail:-Geography Class 6 Discovering the world mineral solution
1. ‘Minerals are an indispensable part of our lives. Analyse the statement.
Ans-Almost everything we use, from a tiny pin to a towering building or a big ship, is made from minerals. The railway lines and the tarmac (paving) of the roads, our implements and machinery are made from minerals. Cars, buses, trains, and aeroplanes are manufactured from minerals and run on power resources derived from minerals. Even the food that we eat contains minerals. In all stages of development, human beings have used minerals for their livelihood. Hence Minerals are an indispensable part of our lives.
2. Explain the distribution of copper in the world.
- Chile, the USA, Canada, Africa, and Russia are the major producers of copper in the world.
- Chile is the largest producer of copper in the world producing 16% of copper of the total production.
- Copper mining is done in northern Chile. The main areas are Chuquicamata, EI-Tenienti and Brader.
3. Explain the distribution of iron ore in the world.
- The USA, Russia, Ukraine, Australia, Brazil, Canada and India are the major producers of Iron ore in the world.
- Lake Superior and Alabama region are the two most important regions of iron production in the USA.
- There are three main areas of iron ore mining in Canada such as Ontario, Quebec, and Newfoundland.
- Sweden is the leading iron ore producer in Europe.
- Ore is mined in three regions as-the northern parts, the central parts and the southern parts of Sweden.
4. Explain the distribution and uses of bauxite.
- Australia, Guinea, Brazil, Surinam, Russia in and France are the major producers of bauxite in the world.
- Australia is the largest producer of bauxite in the world.
- Odisha, Gujarat, and Jharkhand Maharashtra are the major producers of bauxite in India.
- Bauxite is used for making aluminium. With the use of Aluminum, we produce utensils, electric cables, industrial equipment etc.
5. State any four uses of mica.
- It is used as a thin sheet and also used in electrical and electronics industries due to its die electric strength and insulating properties.
- They are also used in control devices, heating devices and used in lighting devices like neon lights.
6. State any four uses of copper.
Ans-Electrical appliances, Cooking utensils, radiators and refrigerators
7. Explain open-cast mining.
Ans- When minerals and deposits are found close to the surface and spread across a large distance, the open caste mining method is used.
In this process, the area is cleared of all topsoil and vegetation, the waste rock layer is removed and a pit is dug into the ground to reach the mineral seam.
8. Explain underground mining.
Ans-Underground mining is generally used for areas where the mineral is buried too far underground for open-cast mining to be of use.
A tunnel, called a decline, is created to allow workers and machinery to reach the location of the minerals. Stope mining is used for most hard rock mining of minerals such as copper, silver
Icse class 6 discovering the world geography class 6 answers
C. Distinguish-Geography Class 6 Discovering the world mineral solution
1. Renewable and non-renewable energy resources.
|Non-renewal energy sources||Renewal energy sources|
|1||Non-renewal energy sources are those energy sources that once used can not be replaced in a short time.||Renewal energy sources are those energy sources which can be used again and again and can be renewed in a short time.|
|2||Coal, natural gas and mineral oils are examples of Non-renewal energy sources.||Water, Solar, Wind and Tidal are |
examples of Renewal sources of energy.
|3||Non-renewal energy sources are also called Conventional Energy resources.||This is also called Conventional energy|
2. Metallic and non-metallic minerals.
|Metallic Minerals||Non-Metallic Minerals|
|1||These minerals contain|
|These minerals contain|
|2||These are generally found in|
igneous and metamorphic rocks
|These are generally found in|
|3||These are ductile and malleable||These are non-ductile and|
|4||These are good conductors of|
heat and electricity
|These are insulators of heat and|
|5||Iron, ore, bauxite, and gold are some|
example of metallic minerals
|Coal, Sulphur, and Petroleum are|
examples of no metallic minerals
Geography Class 6 Discovering the world chapter wise-Mineral
D. Value-Based Questions from Geography Class 6 Discovering the world mineral solution
1. The use of coal should be discouraged. Give reasons.
Ans-The use of coal energy is discouraged because it causes environmental pollution. Burning of coal releases carbon dioxide, sulphur dioxide and other harmful gases which lead to smog, acid rain, and toxic air pollution.
2. Petroleum is referred to as “liquid gold”. Give reason.
Ans-Due to the usefulness of petroleum in the world, it is known as liquid gold. It has a multiplicity of uses like domestic fuel, lubricant, and for manufacturing many products.
About 70% of the total power production in the world is derived from mineral oil. It is being used by automobiles, aircraft, industries, railways, etc. It is also used in the manufacturing of chemicals, fertilizers and insecticides.
3. Use of non-conventional energy resources should be encouraged. Give reason.
Ans- The Use of non-conventional energy resources should be encouraged because
- These energy resources are non-exhaustible
- These can be renewed in a short period.
- These do not cause environmental pollution.
- These are cheap sources of energy or free gift of nature.
- Sun, wind, tides, etc., are gas, etc., are major non-conventional sources of energy.
4. “There is an urgent need to conserve minerals.” Explain.
- We know that how our life is dependent on the availability of minerals.
- We are rapidly consuming mineral resources that required millions of years to be created and concentrated.
- Mineral resources are finite and non-renewable.
- Overutilisation of minerals also leads to the problem of pollution because the use of mineral resources like coal, and mineral oil releases harmful gases.
- Extraction of ores leads to increasing costs as mineral extraction comes from greater depths along with a decrease in quality.
5. “Mica is the most indispensable mineral used in electronic industries.” Explain.
Ans-Mica has excellent di-electric strength, insulating properties and high resistance. Due to all these properties, it is one of the most indispensable minerals used in the electric and electronic industries.
Icse class 6 geography mineral question answers
E. Match the Column-Geography Class 6 Discovering the world mineral solution
1. Copper ——————— Electrical appliances
2.Aluminium —————– Duralumin
3. Bauxite ——————– Australia
4. Coal ————————- Non-metallic mineral
5. Khetri ———————- Rajasthan
Candid-Geography Class 6 Discovering the world mineral solution
e) Fill in the blanks with suitable words:
- The word ‘petroleum’ has been derived from two Latin words, ‘Petra’ which means rock and ‘oleum’ which means oil
- Open-cast mines are used when deposits of commercially useful minerals or rocks are found at shallow depths.
- ____ and _____regions are famous for the production of coal in the USA.
- Iron and Buxite are metallic minerals.
- Coal and Sulphur are non-metallic minerals.
- Singhbhum in Jharkhand is the leading producer of copper in India.
- Chile is the largest producer of copper in the world.
- Aluminium is a light metal and a good conductor of heat and electricity.
Discovering the world evergreen publication solution class 6
G Multiple Choice Questions:Geography Class 6 Discovering the world mineral solution
1. Which one of the following is a leading producer of copper in the world?
(a) Bolivia (c) Ghana (b) Chile (d) Zimbabwe
2.________is the major iron-producing region of Canada.
(a) Ontario (b) Alabama (e) Mt. New Man (d) Tai-Yeh
3._____ is the major producer of iron in India.
(a) Uttar Pradesh (b) Odisha (c) Haryana (d) Punjab
4. ______is the major producer of copper in India.
(a) Uttar Pradesh (b) Odisha (c) Rajasthan (d) Punjab
5. _______is the largest producer of bauxite in the world.
(a) Australia (e) Russia (b) India (d) China
Discovering the world mineral question answers class 6 geography
1. Read the statement and identify the mineral or the metal. Geography Class 6 Discovering the world mineral solution
- A most important resource of energy———— Coal
- Known as liquid gold.————————— Mineral oil or petroleum
- It is a radioactive substance.——————- Uranium and Thorium
- It is the basis of modern civilisation.——– Energy
- It is used in electric appliances.—————- Copper
- It is used for making spare parts for aeroplanes- Bauxite
- It is a basic input in the cement industry— Limestone
- It is made up of a series of plates or leaves—- Mica
- Used for making ornaments——————– Gold, Silver
|Largest Producer in the world||Largest Producer in India|
|Coal||USA||Bihar, Bengal, Jharkhand, MP||Northern Hemisphere|
|Coal mines||Jharia, Bokaro, Korba,Neyveli|
|Mineral oil||Iraq, Iran, UAE, Qatar||Maharastra, Assam Gujurat||Mumbai high, Digboi,|
|Nuclear energy||USA, France, Japan, Italy||Tarapur|
|Copper||Chile||Jharkhand and Rajasthan|
|Bauxite||Australia||Odisha, Gujarat, Jharkhand|
|Silver||Mexico||Jharkhand, Karnataka, Andhra|
|Mica||India||Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh|
|Limestone||China||MP, Ap, Rajasthan, Gujarat|
Geography Class 6 Discovering the world mineral solution Mcqs
- Coal is the most important source of energy.
- China, the United States of America, Russia, Ukraine and India are some of the major producers of coal in the world.
- The word petroleum has been derived from two Latin words; Petra which means rocks and oleum which means oil.
- Petroleum is called rock oil.
- factors responsible for the energy crisis are-
- The increasing gap between the demand and supply of energy has led to the energy crisis. Modernization,
- Growing population and
- Wastage of energy
- Minerals are crystalline elements or compounds of elements that occur naturally in the earth.
- Minerals are broadly divided into two main groups: (i) Metallic Minerals and (ii) Non-metallic Minerals.
- The U.S.A., Russia, Australia, Brazil, India, and Canada are the major producers of iron ore in the world.
- Copper is a reddish-orange metal that has been widely used for more than five thousand years.
- Chile, the U.S.A., Canada, Africa and Russia are the major producers of copper in the world.
- The mineral is a substance which is found in the earth’s crust and which generally has a defined chemical composition.
MCQs-Geography Class 6 Discovering the world mineral solution
- Metallic minerals are the ores from which we get metals. Iron, copper, gold, silver, lead, aluminium, tin,
- Non-metallic minerals ores do not contain metals. Coal, petroleum, mica, manganese, e
- Minerals oil and coal are non-metallic minerals and are also called energy minerals.
- Nuclear energy: It is energy which is obtained by splitting the atom, under controlled conditions. As the power is derived by splitting the nucleus of an atom it is known as nuclear energy.
- Non-Conventional or Renewable energy resources are those which can be used again and again and can be renewed in a short time.
- Conventional Energy Resources: Those energy resources which once used cannot be replaced in a short time are called conventional energy resources.
- Duralumin is an important alloy of aluminium.
- Sweden is the leading iron ore producer in Europe.
- The first atomic power station in India was set up in Tarapur in 1969
- Iron ore is considered the backbone of modern civilization.
- Lake Superior and Alabama region are important regions of iron production in the USA.
- Copper is the first metal discovered and used by man.
- Copper pyrites are the basic ore of copper.
- The main areas of chile to find copper are Chuquicamata, EI-Teniente, and Brader.
- Bauxite is an ore of Aluminium.
- Mica is a non-metallic mineral.
- Limestone is found in sedimentary rock
- Mining is a process of extracting useful minerals from the earth’s surface.
- Minerals that lie near the surface are simply dug out is called quarrying.
- Rocks from which minerals are mined are known as Ores.
- About 2800 types of minerals have been identified. Only about 100 are considered ore minerals.
- Limestone is used for the purification of molten glass
- Limestone is used to remove impurities from molten iron.
- Limestone is used in the production of molten sand.
- Limestone is the basic input in the cement industry.
- Extraction of minerals is done by Mining, Drilling, and Quarrying.
- Stopes are large openings or rooms connected by tunnels in underground mining.
- Japan is the leading importer of India’s manganese.
- Mica has excellent dielectric properties.