Inspired history icse class 6 question answer- here we are going to solve the Inspired history icse class 6 question answer chapter wise. chapter 2 contains “the Indus Valley civilisation” which is also called the Indus civilisation or Harappa civilisation. here we are going to solve the question answer of Inspired history icse class 6 chapter 2 long and short answer type question with multiple choice questions as well.
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- Plant life chapter 1 icse class 6 long answer
- Plant life Chapter 1 ICSE class 6-extra question
Inspired history icse class 6 question answer-Orient BlackSwan
- Chapter-1 Prehistory and History
- Chapter-2 The Indus Valley Civilisation
- Chapter-3 The Mesopotamian Civilisation
- Chapter-4 The Egyptian Civilisation
- Chapter-5 The Chinese Civilisation
- Chapter-6 The early Vedic age
- Chapter-7 The later Vedic age
- Chapter-8 Jainism and Buddhism
- Chapter-9 Rise of Kingdoms and Republics
- Chapter-10 The Mauryan Empire
- Chapter-11 The Gupta Empire
- Chapter-12 kingdoms of South India
- Chapter-13 Rural Local Self-Government
- Chapter-14 Urban Local Self-Government
Inspired history icse class 6 question answer- Indus Valley civilisation
A. Fill in the blanks.
1. Dayaram Sahni discovered the ruins of______ in 1921. (Harappa)
2. Rakhaldas Banerjee discovered the ruins of______ ( Mohenjo-Daro)
2. Indus Valley sites have been found at______, ______ ,______ and _____ in India.(Mohenjo daro, Harappa, Mehargarh, Dholavira)
3. The roads of the Indus Valley cities cut each other at_______ angles. (right angles)
4. An important building excavated at Mohenjo-Daro is the_______ ( Great Bath)
4. An important building excavated at Harappa is the_______( great Granary)
5. _______ was the main export of the Indus Valley civilisation. (cotton)
6 ______ and_______ formed the basic diet of the Indus Valley people. (Wheat and Barley)
Inspired history icse class 6 question answer-chapter 2
B. Tick the sentences that are true. Correct the others.
1. The Indus Valley civilisation developed along the Yamuna River. ( Indus river)
2. The houses of the civilisation had low, sloping roofs and were poorly ventilated. (F)
High, flat roofs and well ventilated
3. The people of the Indus Valley worshipped the mother goddess. (T)
4. Seals were used by the people of the Indus Valley civilisation for decorating the walls of their houses. (units of exchange or money)
5. The people of the Indus Valley civilisation, trade with other civilisations. (T)
Inspired history icse class 6 question answer-Indus valley civilisation
C. Multiple choice questions.
1. The meaning of Mohenjo-Daro is
a) Where people dwell b) mound of the dead c) a mountainous area d) a desert area
2. The largest site of the Indus Valley civilisation discovered in India so far is:
a) Kalibangan b) Dholavira c) Rakhigarhi d) Lothal
3. Faience is a kind of:
a) highly glazed pottery b) bitumen c) seal d) semi-precious stone used in jewellery
4. The Indus Valley civilisation site where a dock has been found is:
a) Harappa b) Lothal c) Mohenjo-daro d) Dholavira
Inspired history icse class 6 question answer-match the following
D. Match the following.
1. Three-faced god ——- Pashupati
2. Great Bath ————- Swimming pool
3. Upper town———— Citadel
4. Rakhaldas Banerjee ——- Mohenjo-Daro
5. Mehrgarh ——- Pakistan
Inspired history icse class 6 question answers chapter 2- Answer in brief
E. Answer in brief.
1. Which two sites of the Indus Valley civilisation were the first to be discovered?
Answer- Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa are the two sites of the Indus valley civilisation that were the first to be discovered in 1922 and 1921 respectively.
2. Describe the environment of the Indus Valley as it was 4,000 years ago.
Answer- 4000 years ago in Indus Valley the land was fertile, there was plenty of rain fall and wheat, barley and rice grow abundantly. There was a dense forest where elephants, tigers and rhinoceros roamed wild.
3. What were the houses of the Indus Valley civilisation made of?
Answer- The walls of the houses of the Indus valley civilization were made up of baked bricks and the roofs of the house were made of wood and were flat. Each house had a courtyard with rooms built on two or three sides.
4. How many social classes were there in the Indus valley society? Describe them.
Answer-There were three social classes in the Indus valley civilization. Priest and rich merchants belonged to one group. Traders, craftsmen and farmers belonged to the second group. And the labourer belonged to the third group.
5. At which site was the Great Granary found?
Answer- At Harappa, the Great Granary was found near the river site so that grain could be carried easily to the boat.
6. How do we know that the people of Indus Valley knew how to spin cotton?
Answer- The people of Indus Valley knew how to spin cotton because clay spindles have been found in all cities and statues excavated from these cities confirmed that they knew how to spin cotton.
7. Name two outstanding pieces of art discovered in the Indus valley.
Answer-Terracotta and cornelian are the two outstanding pieces of art discovered in the Indus valley.
8. Write a brief note about the script of the Indus Valley civilization.
Answer- the pictographic script has 400 basic signs with several variations. Most of the script has been found written on seals. and the longest continuous set of 10 characters has been found on a fallen sign board near the north gate of Dholavira.
Inspired history icse class 6 question answer- Answer in detail
F. Answer in detail.
1. ‘ The cities of the Indus Valley civilisation were well-planned.’ Justify this statement.
Answer- the cities of Indus Valley were well-planned because of their excellent town planning, sanitation and drainage system. The streets were 800 metres long and 10 metres wide and they cut each other at right angles. The houses and drainage system were properly planned. the floors of the bathrooms were brick flooring and sloped in order to drain out the dirty water easily. every house had drains and they were connected to the street drains. These street drains were covered with some inspection holes at intervals.
2. What was special about the drainage system of the Indus Valley cities?
Answer- The drainage system was properly planned in Indus Valley cities. The floors of the bathrooms were brick flooring and sloped in order to drain out the dirty water easily. Every house had drains and they were connected to the street drains. These street drains were covered with some inspection holes at intervals. The entire drainage system ran along the street.
3. Describe the clothes and ornaments worn by the people of the Indus Valley civilisation.
Answer-The people of the Indus Valley civilisation knew how to spin and weave cotton. Hence they used to wear cotton clothes. Men wore flowing lengths of cloth and the women wore skirts draped shawls over their shoulders. Both men and women wore ornaments which were made of gold, silver, copper and bronze. 4. Describe the crafts of the Indus Valley people.
4. Describe the crafts of the Indus Valley people.
Answer- The Indus Valley people were excellent potters and skilled in crafts. They knew the art of making ornaments with different metals like gold, silver, copper and bronze. They made beautiful pottery made of red clay. They also made metal figures, vessels, weapons and tools. they also made stone beads like cornelian. They also knew the art of Spinning and weaving.
5. Write a short note on the religious beliefs of the Indus Valley people.
Answer- Indus valley people followed Hinduism. They believed in a mother goddess. they worshipped lord Shiva as Pashupati. they considered the peepal and the humped bull as sacred. They also believed in life after death due to this they placed food, utensils, ornaments and mirrors in the grave with the body.
6. What proof do we have to show that the people of the Indus Valley traded with other civilisation by both land and sea? What items were traded?
Answer- the arts and crafts belonging to the Indus valley civilisation have been found in Ur Mesopotamia civilisation and Persian civilisation and a dock have also been discovered at lothal that proves the people of Indus valley traded with other civilisation by both land and sea. They were traded with stone beads, weights and seals, iron ingots, gold beads potsherds.
7. What are the reasons historians give for the decline of the Indus Valley civilisation?
Answer- The reasons given by historians for the decline of the Indus Valley civilisation are
- There may have been repeated floods caused by changes in the environment.
- Shift in the course of rivers flowing through this region, causing the land to dry up and forcing people to move away.
- Civilisation decayed steadily due to a gradual decrease in rainfall, leading to long dry spells
- Due to the population increase, people began to clear forests for food, shelter and agriculture could have led to deforestation and gradual desertification.