Discovering the world chapter 2 Landforms solutions- here we will solve the question answer of icse class 6 New trends in Discovering the world chapter 2 Landforms solutions. Apart from this, you can also get questions and answers for other subjects of ICSE class 6 here.
New trends in Discovering the world chapter 2 Landforms solutions-CANDID
if you are searching for icse class 6 geography chapter 2 Landforms, icse class 6 geography solutions, New trends in Discovering the world chapter 2 Landforms solutions or icse class 6 geography chapter 1 and 2 solutions then you are in the right place.
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Answer the following questions briefly: New trends in Discovering the world landforms notes
- Define landforms
Answer- Landforms are the natural features of the earth’s surface. Example- valleys, Plateau, mountains, plains, hills, and glaciers
2. Name the forces due to which the surface of the earth is constantly changing.
Answer-Endogenic forces and Exogenic forces are the forces due to which the surface of the earth is constantly changing.
3. Define mountains
Answer- A Mountain is a mass of land considerably higher than the surrounding area. Mountains are normally 600 meters above sea level and have narrow and conical peaks.
4. What are young mountains?
Answer- Mountains with very tall and pointed peaks are referred to as “young mountains.”The Himalayas are an example of a young mountain range.
5. What are old mountains?
Answer- Old mountains are those that have low heights and rounded peaks. The Aravalli is an example of an old mountain.
icse class 6 geography chapter 2 landforms questions and answers
6. Define faulting.
Answer- Faulting is a process that leads to the fracturing of rocks due to endogenetic forces that cause tensile and compressive stresses on rocks.
7. Define valley
Answer- The low land between two mountains or hills is called a valley. Valleys are produced due to faulting.
8. Give two examples of valley
Answer- Great rift valley of Africa, the Red Sea and the Gulf of Suez are examples of valleys.
9. What is plateau?
Answer-The plateau is a broad and rather flat area of land rising sharply above the surrounding lowlands. The Deccan plateau of India is an example of a Plateau.
10. Define plain
Answer- A plain is a broad area of relatively flat land. The plains are usually lowlands and have a height above 160meter.
11. Define Gorge
Discovering the world chapter 2 Landforms solutions–New trends in Candid
Answer- A gorge is a steep valley with rocky walls located between hills or mountains.
12. Ladakh receives little rainfall. Give reason
Answer- Ladakh receives little rainfall because it lies in the rain shadow of the Himalayas, which blocks the rainy weather coming to Ladakh.
13. Name any two towns located in the Ganga-Brahmaputra plains.
Answer- Prayagraj, Kanpur, Lucknow, and Varanasi are the towns located in the Ganga-Brahmaputra plains.
14. State any two features of intensive subsistence agriculture.
Answer- it is labour-intensive farming. Biochemicals and irrigation are required for achieving higher productions
15. Mention any two cash crops of the Ganga-Brahmaputra basin.
Answer-Sugarcane and jute are the cash crops of the Ganga-Brahmaputra basin.
Discovering the world chapter 2 Landforms solutions-evergreen publications
Answer the following questions in detail.
1. Compare endogenic forces with exogenic forces
Answer- The forces that come from within the earth are called endogenic forces. they produce movements of the earth’s crust which causes volcanic eruptions or earthquakes. These forces work abruptly or slowly.
But Exogenic force is normally generated from the atmosphere. Wind, rivers and glaciers are examples of exogenic forces that continuously engaged in changing the earth’s surface.
2. Compare young mountains with old mountains.
Answer- Mountains with very tall and pointed peaks are referred to as “young mountains.”The Himalayas are an example of a young mountain range. Whereas Old Mountains are those that have low heights and rounded peaks. The Aravalli is an example of an old mountain.
3. Explain the formation of block mountains
Answer- Block mountains are formed due to the faulting of the earth’s surface. Tensile and compressive stresses of endogenic forces cause the faulting of the earth’s surface. Due to these changes, the crustal blocks rise up to form a horst block mountain and fall to produce a rift valley.
4. How is the life of people living in mountains different from those living on plains. Explain
Answer-People living in plain areas can build malls and parks for their entertainment. They also build high-rising buildings for living and pakka roads for transportation. They can practice farming wherever they want. In total, people living in plain areas lead a comfortable life. But all this is not easy for those who live in the mountains. It is not easy to do farming in the mountains. It is not easy to make pakka roads for transportaion. It is impossible to build buildings on mountains. Moreover, their lives are full of struggle.
5. Explain the formation of plains.
Answer-Plains are of two types such as structural plains and Depositional plains. Structural plains are formed by endogenic forces like a volcanic eruption or earthquake whereas Depositional plains are formed due to the deposition of sediments in lowlands such as depression, lakes and sea floor.
Candid New trends in Discovering the world chapter 2 Landforms solutions
6. Write any four features of the climate of Ladakh
Answer-Ladakh is a cold desert lying at an altitude of about 3000m to 8000m from sea level. Due to the high altitude, the climate is extremely cold and dry. The temperature in summer is just above zero degrees but at night it is -30 degrees. In winter the temperature is below -40 degrees. It receives little rainfall as it lies in the rain shadow of the Himalayas.
7. State any four features of life in the Ganga-Brahmaputra plain.
Answer-It is a fertile reason why agriculture is the main occupation of the people in the plains. They grow wheat, maize, and also cash crops like sugarcane and jute. They also cultivate silk from silkworms.
This plain has some big cities and towns like Prayagraj, Kanpur, and Varanasi.
This region has developed transportation facilities with roadways and railways.
This area is home to a number of industrial centres.
Tourism is another feature of the Ganga-Brahmaputra plains.
8. “The vegetation cover of the Ganga-Brahmaputra plains varies according to the type of landforms. Explain
Answer- Vegetation in the Ganga-Brahmaputra plains varies according to the type of landform. When the land becomes plain, people cultivate wheat, maize, and banana. But in mountain areas where the slopes are gentle, people used to practice terrace plantations. The delta area is covered with mangrove forests. Where the slopes are steep, deodar and fir trees are seen.
CANDID: Discovering the world chapter 2 Landforms solutions
Match the column– icse chapter 2 Landforms: Discovering the world
Endogenic ————- Volcanic eruption
Mountain ————— The Himalayas
Vindhyas ————- –Block mountains
Mt. Fujiyama ———– Volcanic mountain
Discovering the world chapter 2 Landforms question answers
Fill in the blanks with suitable words
1._____ mountains are found due to faulting in the ground surface. (Block mountain)
2. _____ is the highest plateau in the world. (Tibetan plateau)
3._____ and ____ are examples of block mountains (Vindhayas and Satpura)
4._____ and ____ are the major plains of the world. (Ganga Brahmaputra and Hwang Ho)
5._____ is the main animal of the Ladakh region. (yak)
Discovering the world chapter 2 Landforms solutions class 6
Multiple choice questions– Geography class 6 icse chapter 2 Landforms
1._____ is the most important river of the Ladakh (Indus)
2.Gompas is a _____ (temple)
3. The Ganga-Brahmaputra basin has ______ climate (monsoon)
4. Rohu, Calta and Hilsa are ______(fish)
5. Kaziranga and Manas Wildlife sanctuaries are in ______ (Asam)
icse class 6 geography chapter 2 solutions- Evergreen publications
- Parts of the continents rising above the rest of the land are called ____ (mountain)
- ____ is a low area between hills. ( Valley)
- _____ is a broad and rather flat area of land rising sharply above the surrounding lowlands. ( Plateau)
- A relatively flat and low-lying land surface with the least difference between its highest and lowest point is called ______( Plains)
- It means the number of persons that live in one sq. km. of area. ( population density)
- Landforms can be divided into three main categories ___, ____, ____ (mountains, plateau, plains)
- Mountains are groups of very high hills forming long chains called _____ ( Ranges)
- _____ is an old mountain ( the Aravalli)
- _____ is a young mountain ( The Himalayas)
- _____ % of world population live in mountains.(13)
- _____ is a process that produces folds and bends in rocks( Folding)
- _____ is a process that leads to the fracturing of rocks due to the stretching of rocks. (Faulting)
- The earth’s crust is made up of multiple _____ plates (tectonic)
- The Himalayas formed due to the collision of _____ and _____ ( Indo-Australian plate and Eurasian plate)
New trends in Discovering the world chapter 2 Landforms solutions
- Block mountains are formed due to _____ (faulting)
- The Vosges and black forest are examples of _____ mountain. (Block mountain)
- Mount Kilimanjaro and Mount Fujiyama are the examples of _____ mountain( volcanic mountain)
- _____ is a low area between hills. (Valley)
- ____ is an example of the plateau that is present in India ( The Deccan plateau of India)
- _____ is the highest plateau in the world ( Tibetan plateau)
- A _____ is a broad area of relatively flat lands ( Plains)
- Structural plains are usually formed by _____ (endogenetic forces)
- Ganga-Brahmaputra, Hwang HO, and Mississippi are the ____ plains (Depositional plains)
- _____ glacier is found in Ladakh (Gangri)
- The national highway ___connects Leh to Kashmir valley through ___ Pass ( 1A, Zoji la pass)
- ____ is the capital of Ladakh. (Leh)
- People in Ladakh belong to ____ or ____ (Muslims, Buddhists)